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Llanfair PG

Llanfair PG: A 440 m2, vertical flow reed bed treating 55m3/d of domestic effluent from a residential education centre.

Additional Info

  • In operation since: 2009
  • Type of wastewater treated: Domestic
  • Hydraulic load: 55 m³/day
  • Organic load (PE): 367 PE
  • Organic design load (kg BOD/day): 22 Kg/d
  • Location: Llanfair PG, Anglesey, North Wales, UK
  • Client: Cheshire |County Council
  • Stage 1 type: Vertical flow, non-saturated
  • Stage 1 surface area (m²): 440 m2
  • Cost: £186,000.00
  • Needs:

    The Conway Centre in Llanfair PG is owned and run by Cheshire County Council as a residential and day arts and outdoor education facility. It is set in idyllic National Trust parkland on the Island of Anglesey in North Wales. The centre is primarily for students and pupils from schools and colleges in Cheshire though other organisations use the facility. For many years the wastewater generated on site was discharged post settlement into the Menai Straits adjacent to the centre relying on dilution as a means of effluent management. Conscious of their environmental responsibilities and that this was an educational establishment Cheshire County Council felt that a more appropriate method of effluent management should be used on the site and were keen to select as sustainable a solution as possible. Their environmental consultants, Peak Associates requested ARM Ltd to design and install a suitable reed bed treatment solution.

    More than 21,000 children and adults attend the centre each year and there are 420 beds on site making it one of the largest residential arts and educational centres in the UK. The measured loads and consents are outlined in the table below.


    Flow and Loads

    Influent Average

    Discharge Consent

    Flow                       (m3/d)



    BOD                        (mg/l)



    Suspended Solids    (mg/l)




  • Solution:

    The treatment solution had to be positioned near to the rear of the main accommodation building in line with the existing sewerage infrastructure where there was limited available space. The National Trust also specified that a specific distance be maintained from mature trees in this area. Trial pits were dug to establish the position of the existing effluent pipes. These were taken into consideration in the new treatment reed bed design and subsequently required minimal alteration. Because there was little available land a passive vertical flow reed bed was selected as the most appropriate solution. This allowed us to adjust the dimensions of the bed to fit the available space. ARM Ltd installed a 60 m3 two stage settlement tank, specified by others, followed by a bed of 440 m2

  • Benefits:

    The reed bed treatment installation provided Cheshire County Council with an improved, robust and sustainable treatment solution for the Conway Centre. The reed bed also became a feature for the centre being used as an example of sustainable technology development and application for children and others attending courses.

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GWT events @ ICWS2022




7/11  9am  Anacleto Rizzo   (Keynote)

Wetland community expertise in the new Nature-Based Solution and Circular Economy vision: links and new research and design trends


7/11  10.40am  Dion van Oirschot

MULTISOURCE: Aerated wetland treating black and grey water for reuse at campsite Belgium


07/11   11:40am  Heike Hoffman

The potential of the French Wetland System for reuse - Results of a long-term project in the Peruvian arid coast area


7/11  4pm Heike Hoffman

Operational experiences with a sludge treatment wetland as part of a municipal WWTP in Brazil


7/11  4.30pm Fabio Masi

Water Projects Europe: NICE / MULTISOURCE


9/11  2pm Steen Nielsen

Treatment of industrial sludge in a pilot Sludge Treatment Wetland planted with Phragmites australis and Schenoplectus californicus


9/11  2pm Riccardo Bresciani

Reed beds for drying sludge from a winery wastewater treatment plant in Spain: the WETWINE project


9/11   4.40pm  Taxiarchis Seintos

Application of a full-scale UASB and two-stage constructed wetland system for water reclamation and nutrient recycling of domestic wastewater in arid areas


9/11  5pm Simos Malamis

Investigation of the use of different filling materials in unsaturated vertical flow constructed wetlands for the treatment of UASB effluent from domestic wastewater

T. Seintos, E. Statiris, F. Masi, C. Noutsopoulos, S. Malamis


9/11 5pm Scott Wallace

Practical aspects in the determination of first-order removal rate coefficients (k) for horizontal flow treatment wetlands


10/11 11.20am Fabio Masi

Electroactive and intensified pilot-scale constructed wetlands for the treatment of high loads of septic tank effluent


10/11 2.20pm Alain Petitjean

Intensified French Treatment Wetlands - Influence of operating parameters on nitrogen removal


10/11 4pm  Andy Freeman

Treatment of de-icer contaminated runoff at a UK airport using intensified Nature Based Solutions - A 10-year operational performance review



P4: Coupling French Reed Bed and Short Rotation Plantation for developing circular economy of wastewater in India: A case of PAVITR prototype / Anacleto Rizzo

P39: Constructed wetlands for the treatment of combined sewer overflow upstream of centralised wastewater treatment plants / Chiara Sarti